Periodontal (Gum) Therapy
Non-surgical periodontal therapy removes plaque and calculus by controlling the growth of bacteria and by treating conditions that encourage gum disease. This type of treatment may be all that’s needed, especially when periodontal disease is caught early. You may also need to have certain procedures, such as replacing worn fillings that can accumulate plaque, taken care of before periodontal therapy can begin. Scaling is a type of cleaning that removes plaque and calculus from the teeth at and slightly below the gumline.
Root planing smooths the root surface, so the supportive tissue can better re-attach to the tooth surface. We may use local anesthesia because this cleaning goes deeper than a regular cleaning.
Because bacteria cause periodontal disease, you may receive antibiotics. The antibiotics may be in pill form or a powder that is applied directly to the infected area. An antibacterial mouth rinse also may be prescribed to help control bacterial levels and improve healing.
If conventional therapy is not successful, you may be a candidate for other more advanced procedures and possibly referral to a periodontal specialist.
Root Canal Therapy
A root canal is one of the most common dental procedures performed with well over 14 million done every year. This simple treatment can save your natural teeth and prevent the need of dental implants or bridges.
At the center of your tooth is pulp. Pulp is a collection of blood vessels that helps to build the surrounding tooth. Infection of the pulp can be caused by trauma to the tooth, deep decay, cracks and chips, or repeated dental procedures. Symptoms of the infection can be identified as visible injury or swelling of the gums, sensitivity to temperature or pain in the tooth and gums.
How is a root canal performed? If you experience any of the symptoms above, your dentist will most likely recommend non-surgical treatment to eliminate the diseased pulp. This injured pulp is removed, and the root canal system is thoroughly cleaned and sealed. This therapy usually involves local anesthesia and may be completed in one or more visits depending on the treatment required. Success for this type of treatment results in about 90% of cases. If your tooth is not amenable to endodontic treatment or the chance of success is unfavorable, you will be informed at the time of consultation or when a complication becomes evident during or after treatment. We use local anesthesia to eliminate discomfort. In addition, we will provide nitrous oxide analgesia if indicated. You will be able to drive home after your treatment, and you probably will be comfortable returning to your normal routine.
After your root canal therapy has been completed, a restoration will be necessary to seal up the canal, prevent future leakage, and to prevent the tooth from fracturing. Your dentist will discuss your options with you.
How much will it cost? The cost associated with this procedure can vary depending on factors such as the severity of damage to the affected tooth and which tooth is affected. In general, endodontic treatment is much less expensive than tooth removal and replacement with an artificial tooth.
Sleep Apnea and Sleep Dentistry
Sleep disorders are quite common today. Anything from loud snoring to severe sleep apnea (Apnea/Hypopnea index of over 30 events per hour) can affect the way you feel in the morning, your short-term memory and even your risk of cardiovascular disease. Fortunately, continuous positive airway pressure or CPAP machines help many with sleep apnea. However, this is not the solution for everyone. This is where new research has shown surprising and optimistic outcomes regarding oral appliances and sleep apnea. If you are interested in alternatives to CPAP, have a partner who snores, or feel that you may not be getting a restful night’s sleep, please feel free to contact Austin City Dental about potential solutions to these problems. Although we cannot make a diagnosis of sleep apnea, we will work with your sleep clinic and physician to find the best solution for you.